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5th International Conference on Euro Ophthalmology and Eye Surgery, will be organized around the theme “"Artificial Intelligence and Digital Health in Ophthalmology"”

EYE SURGERY MEET 2024 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in EYE SURGERY MEET 2024

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Corneal transplants, also known as corneal grafting or keratoplasty, are surgical procedures that involve the replacement of a damaged or diseased cornea with a healthy corneal tissue from a donor. The cornea is the clear, dome-shaped front surface of the eye, and it plays a crucial role in focusing light onto the retina, which enables us to see clearly.

Corneal diseases or conditions that may necessitate a corneal transplant include:

  • Keratoconus
  • Fuchs' Dystrophy
  • Corneal Scarring
  • Corneal Edema
  • Corneal Infections
  • Corneal Degenerations

Eye surgery encompasses a broad range of surgical procedures performed on the eye or its surrounding structures to correct vision problems, treat eye diseases, or improve the overall health and function of the eye.

Here are some common types of eye surgery:

  • LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis)
  • Cataract Surgery
  • Corneal Transplant (Keratoplasty)
  • Glaucoma Surgery
  • Retinal Surgery
  • Strabismus Surgery
  • Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE)
  • Ptosis Surgery
  • Lid Surgery (Blepharoplasty)
  • Oculoplastic Surgery
  • Pediatric Eye Surgery

Cataract surgery is a common surgical procedure performed to remove a clouded natural lens (cataract) from the eye and replace it with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL). This surgery is typically done when cataracts cause significant vision impairment.

Here's an overview of cataract surgery and intraocular lenses:

Cataract Surgery:

  • Preoperative Evaluation
  • Anesthesia
  • Incision
  • Intraocular Lens (IOL) Implantation
  • Stitchless Closure
  • Postoperative Care

Intraocular Lenses (IOLs):

  • Monofocal IOLs
  • Multifocal IOLs
  • Toric IOLs
  • Accommodating IOLs
  • Extended Depth of Focus (EDOF) IOLs

Refractive surgery is a branch of ophthalmic surgery aimed at correcting common vision problems by reshaping the cornea or, in some cases, by replacing the eye's natural lens. These surgical procedures are designed to reduce or eliminate the need for eyeglasses or contact lenses.

Here are some common types of refractive surgery:

  • LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis
  • PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy)
  • LASEK (Laser Epithelial Keratomileusis)
  • SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction)
  • Phakic Intraocular Lenses (IOLs)
  • Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE)
  • Implantable Collamer Lenses (ICLs)
  • Orthokeratology (Ortho-K)

Vision correction refers to the various methods and procedures used to improve or restore a person's visual acuity, reducing or eliminating the need for eyeglasses or contact lenses. There are several approaches to vision correction, depending on the specific vision problems and individual preferences.

Methods of vision correction:

  • Eyeglasses
  • Contact Lenses
  • Refractive Surgery
  • Phakic Intraocular Lenses (IOLs)
  • Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE)
  • Orthokeratology (Ortho-K)
  • Vision Therapy

Ophthalmic pharmacology is the branch of pharmacology focused on drugs and medications used to diagnose, treat, and manage various eye conditions and diseases. Ophthalmic medications come in different forms, including eye drops, ointments, gels, and oral medications. They serve various purposes, from addressing common eye problems to managing serious eye diseases.

Here are some categories of ophthalmic medications and their applications:

  • Artificial Tears and Lubricants
  • Antibiotics
  • Anti-Inflammatory Medications
  • Corticosteroids
  • Antiviral Medications
  • Glaucoma Medications
  • Allergy Medications
  • Mydriatics and Cycloplegics
  • Cyclosporine
  • Topical Anesthetics
  • Oral Medications

Surgical complications and risk management are critical aspects of healthcare, ensuring patient safety and quality care. In the context of ophthalmic surgery, here are some common surgical complications, risk management strategies, and preventive measures.

Common Ophthalmic Surgical Complications:

  • Infection
  • Corneal Edema
  • Endophthalmitis
  • Retinal Detachment
  • Glaucoma
  • Visual Disturbances

Ophthalmology is that the specialty involved with the medical and surgical care of the eye. Ophthalmologists are experts in medical treatment, surgery and microsurgery for eye conditions and diseases in addition to diagnosing systemic disease that manifest in eye signs or symptoms. Ophthalmology has many subspecialties.

Glaucoma is a social event of related eye issue that reason mischief to the optic nerve that passes on information from the eye to the cerebrum. In its starting periods, glaucoma has no reactions, which is what makes it so dangerous when you see issues with your sight, the disease has progressed to the point that irreversible vision and might.

The retina is a slight layer of tissue within back mass of eye. It contains a large number of light delicate cells and other nerve cells that get and compose visual data. Retina sends this data to cerebrum through optic nerve, empowering to see. Retinal degenerative issue, for example, Age-related macular degeneration and near-sighted macular degeneration influencing youthful and old from numerous societies, races and ethnicities.

Eye is composed of very sensitive and fragile tissues and every part of an eye serves its own function to maintain its normal vision. The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber. The Cornea, with the anterior chamber and lens, refracts light, with the cornea accounting for approximately two-thirds of the eye’s total optical power. But factors such as corneal ulceration, epithelial keratitis & drug-induced epithelial keratitis, corneal regeneration, recurrent corneal erosion and miscellaneous corneal disorders can affect the cornea and ultimately lead to the external eye disease that could end up with permanent blindness.

As ocular oncology is a highly specialized field of ophthalmology, there is active international collaboration between ocular oncologists. Ocular oncology is a multidisciplinary service which includes general oncologists, paediatric oncologists, specialist nurses, clinical scientists and many others. The most common malignancies include uveal and conjunctivitis melanoma, uveal metastasis, intraocular and conjunctiva lymphoma and conjunctiva carcinoma.


Paediatric Ophthalmology refers to the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders, especially in children. The scope for research in this field is high because the treatment modalities and protocols differ entirely from that of the elderly. The diseases affecting the pediatric vision includes Genetic eye diseases, pediatric uveitis, developmental abnormalities and more. There are many genetic diseases that need at most concern during the early stage. Amblyopia is a disease which happens because of the reduced vision in an eye which hasn’t received adequate use during early childhood. The symptoms include tilting the head, poor depth perception and improper movements of the eye.

Dry eye is a condition wherein an individual needs more quality tears to grease up and support the eye. Tears are essential for keeping up the soundness of the front surface of the eye and for giving clear vision. Dry eye is a typical and frequently endless issue, especially in more established grown-ups. And low visual observation which intrudes the step by step working of a tyke or Low vision as the name exhibits the condition associated with surprising.


Neuro-Ophthalmology is the consolidation of neurology and ophthalmology, frequently managing complex systemic sicknesses that have signs in the visual framework. Cerebral Visual Impairment (CVI) incorporates every single visual brokenness created by harm to, or breaking down of, the retrochiasmatic visual pathways without harm to the foremost visual pathways or any significant visual ailment. Vision problems can be described as the decreased ability to view things. There are many varieties of eye problems and vision disturbances, myopia, halos, blurred vision etc.

Ophthalmic surgery also known as ocular surgery is performed in the eye to treat a condition or a disease by an ophthalmologist. There are many types of ophthalmic surgery which includes corrective surgery-which is used to correct or treat a disorder. Phacoemulsification is a cataract surgery in which the internal lens in the eye is modified. Glaucoma surgery is done to decrease the production of intraocular fluid. Orbital surgery is especially considered with the eyelids or orbit and the lacrimal system.

Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complexity that influences eyes. It’s caused by harm to the veins of the light-touchy tissue at the back of the eye (retina). At initially, diabetic retinopathy may cause no side effects or just gentle vision issues. In the end, it can cause visual deficiency.

Graves' eye disease, also known as thyroid eye disease, is an autoimmune condition in which immune cells attack the thyroid gland which responds by secreting an excess amount of thyroid hormone. As a result, the thyroid gland enlarges and excess hormones increase metabolism. The hypermetabolic state is characterized by fast pulse/heartbeat, palpitations, profuse sweating, high blood pressure, irritability, fatigue, weight loss, heat intolerance, and loss of hair and alterations in hair quality. When the immune system attacks the tissues around the eyes, it causes the eye muscles or fat to expand.

Diagnostic and therapeutic equipment help in diagnosing a disease and in treating it. Ophthalmic instruments are prototyped to prevent eye damage, injuries. A modern-day optometric practice use cutting-edge techniques, delivers the best quality service and provide customer satisfaction.

Gene therapy is an exploratory technique that employs genes to treat or prevent diseases. In near future, this technique may include a doctor replacing the mutated gene with a healthy copy of the gene to the patient in order to cure the abnormalities instead of surgery or drugs. Ophthalmic genetics is a branch of ophthalmology which refers to the field where the genetic background of disease is researched. Leber Congenital Amaraius (LCA) is a hereditary genetic disease that causes childhood blindness. Scientists and doctors have treated this disease with the help of gene therapy.


Refractive mistakes are only one potential reason for obscured vision, so it is critical for your kid to have an examination immediately in the event that they are encountering side effects.

Strabismus is a failure of the two eyes to maintain proper alignment and work together as a team. One eye turns inwards, upwards, downwards, or outwards, while the other one focuses at one spot. This typically happens as a result of the muscles that management the movement of the attention and therefore the protective fold, the extra ocular muscles, aren't operating along.

Uveitis could be a form of inflammation to the center layer of the attention (uvea), structure typically contains the iris, membrane and choroid coat. The causes of uveitis area unit of various varieties starting from a straightforward microorganism Infection to severe eye injury, studies show that the presence of inflammatory disease, AIDS, skin condition will increase the probabilities of uveitis.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has brought significant advancements and transformative capabilities to the field of ophthalmology, revolutionizing various aspects of eye care and health.

  • Early Disease Detection
  • Precision Medicine
  • Improving Diagnostic Accuracy
  • Telemedicine and Remote Monitoring
  • Surgical Assistance and Robotics
  • Drug Discovery and Development
  • Predictive Analytics and Prognosis

Optical Imaging is the method in which light is being used to get the investigational imaging of the medical operations. Basically, optical imaging is of two types which are diffusive Imaging systems and ballistic imaging system. Some of the main examples are scanning laser ophthalmoscopy, optical coherence tomography, optical microscopy and endoscopy, spectroscopy.

Light, like radio, consists of electromagnetic waves. The major difference between the two is that light waves are much shorter than radio waves. The use of electromagnetic waves for long-distance communications was the beginning of an industry known first as wireless and later as radio. This industry was the foundation for electronics, which brought the world so many fascinating technologies. The word LASER stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. A laser is a device that emits a concentrated beam of photons, which are the basic units of electromagnetic radiation.